Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an ageing disease affecting the macula, the central light-sensitive area of the retina responsible for our central fine vision. Symptoms associated with AMD are distortions of central vision, such as seeing that words become smaller, larger, or wavy in the central area of a sentence when reading. Some patients also find that they cannot see the central areas of a person’s face clearly. In most cases, peripheral or side vision is preserved.
What causes AMD?
There is no known cause to how one can develop age-related macular degeneration. However, there are certain factors that may increase your risk of developing the disease.
These risk factors include:
- Having a family history of macular degeneration
- Being 50 years old and above
- Being overweight or obese
- Having cardiovascular disease and/or high cholesterol
What are the available treatment options?
Treatment for Wet Macular Degeneration
Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medications are administered in the form of an injection directly into the eye to stop the growth of new blood vessels.
Treatment for Dry Macular Degeneration
For some individuals, consuming antioxidant vitamins and minerals may help reduce the risk of vision loss.
AMD and Vision Loss
Not every individual will develop total blindness from AMD although there may be loss of central vision. The vision loss may significantly impact day-to-day activities such as driving or reading.
Early treatment through early diagnosis can help slow down the progression of the condition and minimise vision loss. If you experience any changes in your vision or if you are 50 years old or older, it is important to know your risk for AMD.
With proper care and early management, you can prevent vision loss from AMD. Seek advice from a trusted and experienced eye specialist today.
Consult A Doctor
Doctor Caring For You
Dr Errol Chan
MBBS, MMed(Ophth), MRCSEd,
FRCSEd, FRCOphth, FRCS(Glasg), FAMS, FRCS(Canada)
Subspecialty: General Ophthalmology, Cataract and Vitreoretinal Surgery, Medical Retina and Uveitis